The cloud computing project, known as JEDI, is one of the largest federal information technology contracts in history.
The designation is the first one by the United States against part of a foreign government. The Pentagon and C.I.A. oppose the move, citing risks to Americans.
In an influence campaign that is worrying the Pentagon, Russia’s weapons sales, military training programs and security agreements are growing across Africa.
President Trump is making it harder to know how many civilians the government kills by remote control.
The United States has been dropping munitions on Shabab insurgents in Somalia using a dispenser called the common launch tube, which could enable the Pentagon to turn virtually any aircraft into a high-tech gunship.